Updated on 16 October, 2021
Coffee is one of the most widely drank beverage in the whole world. It has become almost a universal pleasure cure for millions of people. In almost all countries, from Mexico to Switzerland, coffee is served as a breakfast drink and as a midnight snack. Now, in the 21st century coffee lovers have a new choice - prepare their morning/evening cuppa with the convenience of an automatic drip machine. This article describes the different types of coffee available and their characteristics. The information will be of interest to coffee enthusiasts and novices alike.
Yirgacheffe - This type of bean is cultivated in the mountains of Colombia. It is widely known as Colombia's Christmas Tree as it is prized for its taste, aroma and color. A yirgacheffe is made from a selection of small green beans and is processed differently than most Colombian coffee blends.
Robusta - This is considered the "traditional" type of bean. It is what most coffee drinkers think of when they picture a coffee blend. It has a smokier, earthier flavor that is closer to the aroma of "regular" roast. Robusta is also known for being able to maintain its aroma and flavor better than Arabica. While it is typically grown in low areas, it can grow in some higher altitudes as well. The roasting process for Robusta is somewhat different than other types of coffee beans.
Hawaiian Kona - This variety is grown primarily in Hawaii. It is highly valued for its bold, earthy flavor that is somewhat reminiscent of darker Spanish Roast. The rich taste of Hawaiian Kona is also noted for being very "fancy." If you are looking for a rich, smoky taste in your everyday java, then the best coffee beans to purchase are Hawaiian Kona.
Arabica - Also known as "specialty" or "exotic," Arabica is a type of coffee with a higher acidity level than Robusta. This makes it a less popular choice for brewing coffee due to the acidity. Arabica coffees usually come from lower elevations and have less acidity than Robusta. Many specialty coffee roasters choose only Arabica because of this, so if you are interested in buying coffee that is not typically found at specialty coffee shops (such as Hawaii Kona), then you will want to check out the specialty category for Arabica. Many people have their own preference of flavor or type of bean, so it might be worth a look to see what options are available.
Floral & fruity - If you are a lover of the light roast coffee with a hint of sweetness, then floral and fruity are the blends for you. This is the type of coffee that gives coffee a sweet, round taste. It also has a subtle aroma and delicate body. Typically you can find this type of coffee in Indonesian and Thai varieties of coffee. You will want to make sure that when you go to select your coffee that you are buying a light roast, otherwise the floral and fruity characteristic of the coffee will become very apparent.